High concentration thin profile solar concentrator utilizing toroidal confocal relay

Chao Wen Liang, Jhe Syuan Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


A thin profile solar concentrator is designed based on the novel off-axis toroidal confocal relay design principle. The solar beam is collected, converged, re-collimated, and relayed to the solar cell simultaneously by the radially cascaded dielectric concentrator modules. This concentrator has properties of high concentrating ratio, thin aspect ratio, zero back focal distance, Gaussian irradiance profile, and single molding manufacture capability. In the Monte Carlo ray tracing simulation shown, one of the proposed concentrator designs has aspect ratio of 1/8 and achieves over 43100X peak concentration with the theoretical thermodynamic concentration limit, within the dielectric, of 71290X.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-270
Number of pages7
JournalSolar Energy
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Geometrical optical design
  • Off-axis relay
  • Solar concentrator
  • Solar energy


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