Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is induced by a variety of stimuli and plays a multifaceted role in cellular protection. We have shown that HO-1 is overexpressed in thyroid cancer and is associated with tumor aggressiveness. Therefore, we set out to assess the effects of HO-1 inhibitors on the biology of thyroid cancer cells. Two different classes of HO-1 inhibitors were used, including a metalloporphyrin, zinc protoporphyrin-IX (ZnPP), and an azole antifungal agent, ketoconazole. The viability and colony formation of thyroid cancer cells decreased in a concentration-and time-dependent fashion following treatment with HO-1 inhibitors. Cancer cells exhibited a higher sensitivity to HO-1 inhibitors than non-malignant cells. HO-1 inhibitors induced a G0/G1 arrest accompanied by decreased cyclin D1 and CDK4 expressions and an increase in levels of p21 and p27. HO-1 inhibitors significantly increased intracellular ROS levels and suppressed cell migration and invasion. Oxygen consumption rate and mitochondrial mass were increased with ZnPP treatment. Mice treated with ZnPP had a reduced xenograft growth and diminished cyclin D1 and Ki-67 staining in tumor sections. Taken together, HO-1 inhibitors might have therapeutic potential for inducing cell cycle arrest and promoting growth suppression of thyroid cancer cells in vitro and in vivo.
|Journal||International Journal of Molecular Sciences|
|State||Published - Sep 2018|
- Heme oxygenase
- Reactive oxygen species
- Thyroid cancer