Gene expression profiling of biological pathway alterations by radiation exposure

Kuei Fang Lee, Julia Tzu Ya Weng, Paul Wei Che Hsu, Yu Hsiang Chi, Ching Kai Chen, Ingrid Y. Liu, Yi Cheng Chen, Lawrence Shih Hsin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Though damage caused by radiation has been the focus of rigorous research, the mechanisms through which radiation exerts harmful effects on cells are complex and not well-understood. In particular, the influence of low dose radiation exposure on the regulation of genes and pathways remains unclear. In an attempt to investigate the molecular alterations induced by varying doses of radiation, a genome-wide expression analysis was conducted. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected from five participants and each sample was subjected to 0.5 Gy, 1 Gy, 2.5 Gy, and 5Gy of cobalt 60 radiation, followed by arraybased expression profiling. Gene set enrichment analysis indicated that the immune system and cancer development pathways appeared to be the major affected targets by radiation exposure. Therefore, 1Gy radioactive exposure seemed to be a critical threshold dosage. In fact, after 1Gy radiation exposure, expression levels of several genes including FADD, TNFRSF10B, TNFRSF8, TNFRSF10A, TNFSF10, TNFSF8, CASP1, and CASP4 that are associated with carcinogenesis and metabolic disorders showed significant alterations. Our results suggest that exposure to low-dose radiation may elicit changes in metabolic and immune pathways, potentially increasing the risk of immune dysfunctions and metabolic disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number834087
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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