A fuzzy adaptive model following mechanism for position control of the traveling-wave-type ultrasonic motor (USM) is described in this study. Since the dynamic characteristics of the USM are difficult to obtain and the motor parameters are time varying, the fuzzy adaptive control is applied to design the position controller of the USM for high performance applications. The driving circuit for the USM, which is composed of a high-frequency boost dc-dc chopper, a two-phase series-loaded resonant inverter, and an inner speed loop, is built first. Next, the control algorithm for fuzzy adaptive control is discussed. Then, a simple linear position control loop is designed and augmented by the model-following error-driven fuzzy adaptive mechanism to reduce the influence of parameter variations. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is demonstrated by some experimental results.