Functional evidence that a recently evolved Drosophila sperm-specific gene boosts sperm competition

Shu Dan Yeh, Tiffanie Do, Carolus Chan, Adriana Cordova, Francisco Carranza, Eugene A. Yamamoto, Mashya Abbassi, Kania A. Gandasetiawan, Pablo Librado, Elisabetta Damia, Patrizio Dimitri, Julio Rozas, Daniel L. Hartl, John Roote, José M. Ranz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

In many species, both morphological and molecular traits related to sex and reproduction evolve faster in males than in females. Ultimately, rapid male evolution relies on the acquisition of genetic variation associated with differential reproductive success. Many newly evolved genes are associated with novel functions that might enhance male fitness. However, functional evidence of the adaptive role of recently originated genes in males is still lacking. The Sperm dynein intermediate chain multigene family,which encodes a Sperm dynein intermediate chain presumably involved in sperm motility, originated from complex genetic rearrangements in the lineage that leads to Drosophila melanogaster within the last 5.4 million years since its split from Drosophila simulans. We deleted all the members of this multigene family resident on the X chromosome of D. melanogaster by chromosome engineering and found that, although the deletion does not result in a reduction of progeny number, it impairs the competence of the sperm in the presence of sperm from wildtype males. Therefore, the Sperm dynein intermediate chain multigene family contributes to the differential reproductive success among males and illustrates precisely how quickly a new gene function can be incorporated into the genetic network of a species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2043-2048
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume109
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Faster-male evolution
  • Male fertility

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