Formation of the Dayside Magnetopause and Its Boundary Layers Under the Radial IMF

Gilbert Pi, Zdeněk Němeček, Jana Šafránková, Kostiantyn Grygorov, Jih Hong Shue

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10 Scopus citations


The global structure of magnetopause boundary layers under the radial interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions is studied by a comparison of experimental and simulation results. In magnetohydrodynamic simulations, the hemispherical asymmetry of the reconnection locations was found. The draped field adjacent to the magnetopause points northward in the Northern Hemisphere, but it is oriented southward in the Southern Hemisphere at the beginning of the simulation for negative IMF Bx. The magnetopause region affected by the positive IMF Bz component enlarges over time, and the density profile exhibit a north-south asymmetry near the magnetopause. The experimental part of the study uses the Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorm data. We analyze profiles of the plasma parameters and magnetic field as well as the ion pitch-angle distributions. The nonsimultaneous appearance of parallel and antiparallel aligned flows suggests two spatially separated sources of these flows. We have identified (1) the inner part of the low-latitude boundary layer (LLBL) on closed magnetic field lines; (2) the outer LLBL on open field lines; (3) the inner part of the magnetosheath boundary layer (MSBL) formed by dayside reconnection in the Southern Hemisphere; and (4) the outer MSBL resulting from lobe reconnection in the Northern Hemisphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3533-3547
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2018


  • LLBL
  • radial IMF


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