Flower-Like Copper Sulfide Nanocrystals are Highly Effective Against Chloroquine-Resistant Plasmodium falciparum and the Malaria Vector Anopheles stephensi

Jayaraman Theerthagiri, Jagan Madhavan, Kadarkarai Murugan, Christina Mary Samidoss, Suresh Kumar, Akon Higuchi, Giovanni Benelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anopheles stephensi is a mosquito of outstanding public health relevance, acting as a major vector of malaria in a number of tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. In recent years, important efforts have been conducted to propose nano-formulated larvicides as valuable alternatives to synthetic insecticides currently marketed. In the present study, the toxicity of flower-like copper sulfide (CuS) nanocrystals has been investigated on the malaria vector A. stephensi and Plasmodium parasites. Characterization of synthesized CuS nanocrystals was carried out using FTIR spectroscopy, XRD analysis, FESEM, HR-TEM and EDS. In mosquitocidal assays, LC50values ranged from 23.347 ppm (first-instar larvae) to 48.789 ppm (pupae). In vitro anti-plasmodial activity of CuS nanoflowers was evaluated against chloroquine-resistant (CQ-r) and CQ-sensitive (CQ-s) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. IC50were 83.44 μg/mL (CQ-s) and 87.15 μg/mL (CQ-r). However, in vivo antiplasmodial experiments conducted on Plasmodium berghei infecting albino mice showed limited activity of CuS nanocrystals, if compared to CQ. Overall, our findings showed that chemically synthesized flower-like CuS nanocrystals are promising to improve the effectiveness of mosquito control programs, as well as to develop novel antiplasmodial drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-594
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cluster Science
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Anopheline
  • Antiplasmodial activity
  • Chloroquine
  • Plasmodium berghei

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Flower-Like Copper Sulfide Nanocrystals are Highly Effective Against Chloroquine-Resistant Plasmodium falciparum and the Malaria Vector Anopheles stephensi'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this