Filtration characteristics with parameter variation for dust removal from syngas

Yi Shun Chen, Li Tsung Sheng, Shih Hao Chou, Shu San Hsiau, Li Chun Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Granular bed filter technology is a newly emerging field, and the science is in its infancy. There is a lack of background information on these consistencies. This study provides new insights into clean processing, which is useful in hot gas cleanup technology. Methods: We employed a moving granular bed filter, which is evaluated in two separate performance studies: (1) optimization of particle removal efficiency and bed pressure drop under different movement velocities of silica sand; and (2) high temperature model simulation conducted dust and Silica sand flow rates and superficial velocity. Besides, this evaluated the filter system's dynamic characteristics by measuring variations in the outlet concentration and size distribution of dust particulates. Significant findings: The results indicated that the filtered dust in the silica sand considerably affected the dust via inertial impaction and diffusion. With higher movement velocity of silica sand, the higher specific resistance coefficient of k1 and k2 caused better performance of collection mechanism, thereby enhancing the removal efficiency. Consequently, this study observations indicated that at a high movement velocity of silica sand, the gas velocity favors dust attachment on the silica sand particle surface, facilitating dust removal. The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficiency of moving granular bed filter (MGBF) in high-temperature environment under different operation conditions. The effects of the test temperature and movement velocities of silica sand on the dust size distribution and removal efficiency were studied; further, an experimental system comprising a high-temperature environment of 600 °C was established for a filter system. The removal efficiency was enhanced at a test temperature of 25 °C when considering a gas velocity of 500 mm/s and a movement velocity of silica sand of 1.95 mm/s. The test results showed that an improvement in the movement velocity of silica sand decreased the temperature of the bed, increasing the removal efficiency. Furthermore, this study could be used in different high-temperature filter systems for gas cleanup.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104527
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • Diffusion
  • Hot gas cleanup
  • Inertial impaction
  • Removal efficiency
  • Temperature


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