Fate and Transport of Microconstituents in Wastewater Treatment Plants

Zong Han Yang, Po Jung Huang, Ku Fan Chen, Chih Ming Kao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Microconstituents (MCs) have become a global issue due to their characteristics regarding their trace concentrations, persistence, and bio-inhibition in aqueous environments. MCs are difficult to remove using treatment units in conventional wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) because these plants are not designed for MCs treatment. This chapter reviews and understands the fate and transport of MCs in WWTPs. These aspects involve the source, fate, and removal methods of MCs in WWTPs, and the critical operational parameters in WWTPs for MCs treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMicroconstituents in the Environment
Subtitle of host publicationOccurrence, Fate, Removal, and Management
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781119825289
ISBN (Print)9781119825258
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Concentrations
  • Fate
  • Microconstituents
  • Removal and operational parameters
  • Transport
  • Wastewater treatment


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