One-step in situ microwave-assisted headspace solid-phase microextraction (MA-HS-SPME) followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis is presented as a fast and solvent-free technique to determine synthetic polycyclic musks in sewage sludge and sediment samples. Six synthetic polycyclic musks (galaxolide (HHCB), tonalide (AHTN), celestolide (ADBI), traseolide (ATII), cashmeran (DPMI) and phantolide (AHMI)) were selected in the method development and validation. The effects of extraction parameters for the quantitative extraction of these analytes by one-step MA-HS-SPME were systematically investigated. The dewatered solid sample mixed with 20-mL deionized water (containing 3 g of NaCl in a 40-mL sample-vial) was efficiently extracted by a polydimethylsiloxane-divinylbenzene (PDMS-DVB) fiber placed in the headspace when the extraction slurry was microwave irradiated at 80 W for 5 min. The limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 0.04 to 0.1 ng/g, and the limits of quantification (LOQs) ranged from 0.1 to 0.3 ng/g (fresh weight). A preliminary analysis of sludge and sediment samples revealed that HHCB and AHTN were the two most commonly detected synthetic polycyclic musks; using a standard addition method, their total concentrations were determined to range from 0.3 to 10.9 ng/g (fresh weight) with relative standard deviation (RSD) ranging from 4% to 10%.
- Microwave-assisted headspace solid-phase
- Sediment analysis
- Synthetic polycyclic musks