Fabrication of a Molecularly Imprinted Nano-Interface-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for the Detection of CagA Virulence Factors of H. pylori

Kirti Saxena, Bayu Tri Murti, Po Kang Yang, Bansi Dhar Malhotra, Nidhi Chauhan, Utkarsh Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

H. pylori is responsible for several stomach-related diseases including gastric cancer. The main virulence factor responsible for its establishment in human gastric cells is known as CagA. Therefore, in this study, we have fabricated a highly sensitive MIP-based electrochemical biosensor for the detection of CagA. For this, an rGO and gold-coated, screen-printed electrode sensing platform was designed to provide a surface for the immobilization of a CagA-specific, molecularly imprinted polymer; then it was characterized electrochemically. Interestingly, molecular dynamics simulations were studied to optimize the MIP prepolymerization system, resulting in a well-matched, optimized molar ratio within the experiment. A low binding energy upon template removal indicates the capability of MIP to recognize the CagA antigen through a strong binding affinity. Under the optimized electrochemical experimental conditions, the fabricated CagA-MIP/Au/rGO@SPE sensor exhibited high sensitivity (0.275 µA ng−1 mL−1) and a very low limit of detection (0.05 ng mL−1) in a linear range of 0.05–50 ng mL−1. The influence of other possible interferents in analytical response has also been observed with the successful determination of the CagA antigen.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1066
JournalBiosensors
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • CagA
  • H. pylori
  • biosensors
  • electrochemical
  • molecular dynamics simulations
  • molecularly imprinted polymers

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Fabrication of a Molecularly Imprinted Nano-Interface-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for the Detection of CagA Virulence Factors of H. pylori'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this