Extremely space- And time-limited phonon propagation from electron-lattice scattering induced by Sb/Bi codoping in Ge0.86Sb0.08Bi0.06Te single crystal

Ma Hsuan Ma, Chun Min Wu, Tsu Yin Ling, Erdembayalag Batsaikhan, Wen Hsien Li, Vankayala Krishna Ranganayakulu, Yang Yuan Chen

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Abstract

Phonon dispersions and linewidths of layered thermoelectric Sb/Bi codoped Ge0.86Sb0.08Bi0.06Te covering 300 to 630 K in the R3m phase are mapped by inelastic neutron scattering measurement. The acoustic phonons depart greatly from the harmonic frequencies with downturns in dispersion revealing soft phonon energies at larger wave vectors for phonons propagating in the crystallographic [110] direction. Two components that scatter phonons are identified. One is smaller in magnitude having a linear wave vector q dependency that links to the three-phonon scattering. The dominant component for phonon softening has a wave vector square q2 dependency with a Fermi-Dirac thermal reduction rate linked to the electron-phonon scattering. The scattering of phonons is so strong that they only propagate over a few unit cells in length, with lifetimes as short as ∼1 ps. Our results reveal the origin of the extremely low thermal conductivity of Ge0.86Sb0.08Bi0.06Te in the R3m phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114602
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

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