Tiny bubbles readily stick onto substrates owing to contact angle hysteresis (CAH). Nevertheless, they can slide slowly on a tilted surface with ultralow CAH because capillarity is overcome by buoyancy. It is surprising to observe experimentally that bubbles of 3-15 µL (diameter 1.79-3.06 mm) slide beneath a tilted superhydrophobic surface at a vertical ascent rate faster than that of freely rising ones of high Reynold numbers ˜O(102). As the tilting angle increases, the drag coefficient remains essentially the same as that of a freely rising bubble, but the frontal area of the flat bubble rises monotonically. Nonetheless, the frontal area of the sliding bubble always stays much smaller than that of a freely rising bubble. Consequently, the small drag force associated with the sliding bubbles is attributed to their substantially small frontal areas on superhydrophobic surfaces.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 7 Feb 2017|