Event-by-event fluctuations of azimuthal particle anisotropy in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200GeV

B. Alver, B. B. Back, M. D. Baker, M. Ballintijn, D. S. Barton, R. R. Betts, A. A. Bickley, R. Bindel, W. Busza, A. Carroll, Z. Chai, M. P. Decowski, E. García, T. Gburek, N. George, K. Gulbrandsen, C. Halliwell, J. Hamblen, M. Hauer, C. HendersonD. J. Hofman, R. S. Hollis, R. Hołyński, B. Holzman, A. Iordanova, E. Johnson, J. L. Kane, N. Khan, P. Kulinich, C. M. Kuo, W. Li, W. T. Lin, C. Loizides, S. Manly, A. C. Mignerey, R. Nouicer, A. Olszewski, R. Pak, C. Reed, C. Roland, G. Roland, J. Sagerer, H. Seals, I. Sedykh, C. E. Smith, M. A. Stankiewicz, P. Steinberg, G. S.F. Stephans, A. Sukhanov, M. B. Tonjes, A. Trzupek, C. Vale, G. J. Van Nieuwenhuizen, S. S. Vaurynovich, R. Verdier, G. I. Veres, P. Walters, E. Wenger, F. L.H. Wolfs, B. Wosiek, K. Woźniak, B. Wysłouch

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Abstract

This Letter presents the first measurement of event-by-event fluctuations of the elliptic flow parameter v2 in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200GeV as a function of collision centrality. The relative nonstatistical fluctuations of the v2 parameter are found to be approximately 40%. The results, including contributions from event-by-event elliptic flow fluctuations and from azimuthal correlations that are unrelated to the reaction plane (nonflow correlations), establish an upper limit on the magnitude of underlying elliptic flow fluctuations. This limit is consistent with predictions based on spatial fluctuations of the participating nucleons in the initial nuclear overlap region. These results provide important constraints on models of the initial state and hydrodynamic evolution of relativistic heavy ion collisions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number142301
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume104
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Apr 2010

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