Evaluation of protective La0.67Sr0.33MnO 3-δ coatings on various stainless steels used for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects

Jian Jia Huang, Chun Lin Chu, Peng Yang, Tien Chan Chang, Shyong Lee, Jung Yen Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four metallic alloys, namely 2205 duplex stainless steel (2205DSS), ZMG232, and stainless steels SS430 and SS304 are investigated for use as interconnects in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). A La0.67Sr0.33MnO 3-δ (LSMO) film is deposited on these metallicalloy substrates using a pulsed-DC magnetron sputtering system in the reactive mode, leading to the formation of a cubic perovskite structure. The coated alloys are then subjected to oxidizing heat treatments in air at 600 °C, 700 °C, 800 °C, and 900 °C, and their microstructures as well as electrical resistances are evaluated. The electrical resistance measurements are performed at 800 °C, and the area-specific resistance (ASR) of the film-coated 2205DSS alloy is found to be less than that of the uncoated alloy. This is because a thick layer of Cr2O3 and a (Mn, Fe)Cr2O 4 spinel phase layer are formed, and some divalent metallic ions migrate into the Cr2O3 layer. It is found that alloys coated with a thin film of LSMO are more suitable for use as metallic interconnects in SOFCs with intermediate-temperature operating ranges.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021004
JournalJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Area-specific resistance
  • LaSrMnO film
  • Metallic interconnects
  • Oxide scales
  • Pulsed-dc magnetron sputtering
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

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