Evaluation of a personalized digital library based on cognitive styles: Adaptivity vs. adaptability

Enrique Frias-Martinez, Sherry Y. Chen, Xiaohui Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Personalization can be addressed by adaptability and adaptivity, which have different advantages and disadvantages. This study investigates how digital library (DL) users react to these two techniques. More specifically, we develop a personalized DL to suit the needs of different cognitive styles based on the findings of our previous work [Frias-Martinez, E., Chen, S. Y., & Liu, X. (2008) Investigation of behavior and perception of digital library users: A cognitive style perspective. International Journal of Information Management]. The personalized DL includes two versions: adaptive version and adaptable version. The results showed that users not only performed better in the adaptive version, but also they perceived more positively to the adaptive version. In addition, cognitive styles have great effects on users' responses to adaptability and adaptivity. These results provide guidance for designers to select suitable techniques to develop personalized DLs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Information Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2009


  • Cognitive styles
  • Digital libraries
  • Individual differences
  • Personalization


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