Evaluation framework for alternative fuel vehicles: Sustainable development perspective

Dong Shang Chang, Sheng Hung Chen, Chia Wei Hsu, Allen H. Hu, Gwo Hshiung Tzeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Road transport accounts for 72.06% of total transport CO2, which is considered a cause of climate change. At present, the use of alternative fuels has become a pressing issue and a significant number of automakers and scholars have devoted themselves to the study and subsequent development of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). The evaluation of AFVs should consider not only air pollution reduction and fuel efficiency but also AFV sustainability. In general, the field of sustainable development is subdivided into three areas: economic, environmental, and social. On the basis of the sustainable development perspective, this study presents an evaluation framework for AFVs by using the DEMATEL-based analytical network process. The results reveal that the five most important criteria are price, added value, user acceptance, reduction of hazardous substances, and dematerialization. Price is the most important criterion because it can improve the popularity of AFVs and affect other criteria, including user acceptance. Additional, the energy usage criterion is expected to significantly affect the sustainable development of AFVs. These results should be seriously considered by automakers and governments in developing AFVs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11570-11594
Number of pages25
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2015


  • ANP
  • Alternative fuel vehicle
  • Sustainable development


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