Enhancement of nitric oxide decomposition efficiency achieved with lanthanum-based perovskite-type catalyst

Kuan Lun Pan, Mei Chung Chen, Sheng Jen Yu, Shaw Yi Yan, Moo Been Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Direct decompositions of nitric oxide (NO) by La0.7Ce0.3SrNiO4, La0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4, and Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 are experimentally investigated, and the catalysts are tested with different operating parameters to evaluate their activities. Experimental results indicate that the physical and chemical properties of La0.7Ce0.3SrNiO4 are significantly improved by doping with Ba and partial substitution with Pr. NO decomposition efficiencies achieved with La0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 and Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 are 32% and 68%, respectively, at 400 °C with He as carrier gas. As the temperature is increased to 600 °C, NO decomposition efficiencies achieved with La0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 and Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4, respectively, reach 100% with the inlet NO concentration of 1000 ppm while the space velocity is fixed at 8000 hr−1. Effects of O2, H2O(g), and CO2 contents and space velocity on NO decomposition are also explored. The results indicate that NO decomposition efficiencies achieved with La0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 and Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4, respectively, are slightly reduced as space velocity is increased from 8000 to 20,000 hr−1 at 500 °C. In addition, the activities of both catalysts (La0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 and Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4) for NO decomposition are slightly reduced in the presence of 5% O2, 5% CO2, or 5% H2O(g). For durability test, with the space velocity of 8000 hr−1 and operating temperature of 600 °C, high N2 yield is maintained throughout the durability test of 60 hr, revealing the long-term stability of Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 for NO decomposition. Overall, Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 shows good catalytic activity for NO decomposition. Implications: Nitrous oxide (NO) not only causes adverse environmental effects such as acid rain, photochemical smog, and deterioration of visibility and water quality, but also harms human lungs and respiratory system. Pervoskite-type catalysts, including La0.7Ce0.3SrNiO4, La0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4, and Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4, are applied for direct NO decomposition. The results show that NO decomposition can be enhanced as La0.7Ce0.3SrNiO4 is substituted with Ba and/or Pr. At 600 °C, NO decomposition efficiencies achieved with La0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 and Pr0.4Ba0.4Ce0.2SrNiO4 reach 100%, demonstrating high activity and good potential for direct NO decomposition. Effects of O2, H2O(g), and CO2 contents on catalytic activities are also evaluated and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-630
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancement of nitric oxide decomposition efficiency achieved with lanthanum-based perovskite-type catalyst'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this