Emission characteristics of dl-PCNs, PCDD/Fs, and dl-PCBs from secondary copper metallurgical plants: Control technology and policy

Nguyen Duy Dat, Yong Ji Huang, Yen Chen Hsu, Moo Been Chang

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated the characteristics of dl-PCNs, PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs emitted from two typical secondary copper metallurgical plants processing copper sludge equipped with different sets of air pollution control devices (APCDs). Results indicated that the emission factors of dl-PCNs and PCDD/Fs of plant A are 0.00775 and 1.09 μg TEQ/ton, respectively, which are remarkably lower than those of plant B (3.12, 181 and 25.5 μg TEQ/ton for dl-PCNs, PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs, respectively). Dl-PCNs contributed 0.7–2.7% of total TEQ for flue gases and up to 2.6% of TEQ for ash samples. The TEQ concentration of dl-PCNs in fly ash individually exceeds the regulated level of 1 ng TEQ/g regulated by Taiwan EPA, indicating that emission and discharge of dl-PCNs should be regulated. The combination of semidry scrubber and activated carbon injection (ACI) + baghouse (BH) is effective for simultaneous removals of dl-PCNs and PCDD/Fs in plant A; while the combination of cyclone, secondary combustion chamber, ACI + BH and wet scrubber (WS) is not optimal for removing dl-PCNs, PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs. Memory effect occurring within BH and WS is responsible for low removal efficiencies of these POPs in plant B. This study suggests appropriate APCDs for simultaneous removal of three POP groups and recommends the inclusion of dl-PCNs in emission standard.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126651
JournalChemosphere
Volume253
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Control policy
  • Emission factor
  • Emission standard
  • Removal efficiency

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