Electrocatalytic degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol by granular graphite electrodes

Jiann Long Chen, Jun Yi Wang, Chih Chao Wu, Kung Yuh Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


A reactor using granular graphite as an electrode material was used to electrochemically degrade 2,4-dichlorophenol. The degradation efficiency reached more than 95% after 24h at all experimental conditions. Adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol by the granular graphite can be described with the Freundlich isotherm. The degradation kinetics are pseudo-first-order. The degradation rate increased linearly with both applied current density and flow rate. The pseudo-first-order surface reaction rate constants, ka, at a flow rate of 5mL/min increased from 0.0015L/hm2 at an applied current density of 0.41mA/m2 to 0.0028L/hm2 at an applied current density of 2.21mA/m2. The ka values at a current density of 1.14mA/m2 increased from 0.0021L/hm2 at a flow rate of 5mL/min to 0.0068L/hm2 at a flow rate of 50mL/min. Charge efficiency, ranging from less than 1 to 60μg/C, increased with the concentration of 2,4-dichlorophenol and decreased with the applied current density. Hence, using a low applied current density could be more economical than a high applied current density when applying this technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - 20 Apr 2011


  • Chlorophenol
  • Electrochemical degradation
  • Freundlich isotherm
  • Wastewater


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