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Nonlinear optics in the extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) has been limited by lack of transparent media and small conversion efficiency. To overcome this problem we explore the advantage of using multiply charged ion plasmas as the interacting media between EUV and intense near-infrared (NIR) pulses. Such media are transparent to EUV and can withstand intense NIR driving pulses without damage. We calculate the third-order nonlinear polarizabilities of Ar2+ and Ar3+ ions for EUV and NIR four-wave mixing by using the well-proven Cowan code and find that the EUV-to-EUV conversion efficiency as high as 26% can be expected for practical experimental configurations using multi-terawatt NIR lasers. Such a high efficiency is possible because the driving pulse intensity can be scaled up to several orders of magnitude higher than in conventional nonlinear media, and the group-velocity and phase mismatch are insignificant at the experimental plasma densities. This effective scheme of wave mixing can be utilized for ultrafast EUV waveform measurement and control as well as wavelength conversion.
|Journal||Physical Review A|
|State||Published - 29 May 2018|
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- 1 Finished
Extreme-Ultraviolet Nonlinear Wave Mixing and Waveform Control
1/08/17 → 31/10/18