Effects of tannic acid and its related compounds on food mutagens or hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA strands breaks in human lymphocytes

L. T. Wu, C. C. Chu, J. G. Chung, C. H. Chen, L. S. Hsu, J. K. Liu, S. C. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of tannic acid (TA), gallic acid (GA), propyl gallate (PA) and ellagic acid (EA) on DNA damage in human lymphocytes induced by food mutagens [3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido (4,3-b) indole (Trp-P-2) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6- phenylimadazo (4,5-b) pyridine (PhIP) or H 2O 2 was evaluated by using single-cell electrophoresis (comet assay). The toxicity of these tested compounds (0.1-100 μg/ml) on lymphocytes was not found. These compounds did not cause DNA strand breaks at lower concentrations of 0.1-10 μg/ml. At a concentration of 100 μg/ml, TA and GA exhibited slight DNA damage, whereas PA and EA showed no DNA strand breaks. TA and its related compounds decreased the DNA strand breaks induced by Trp-P-2, PhIP or H 2O 2 at concentrations of 0.1-10 μg/ml. DNA repair enzymes endonuclease III (Endo III) and formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycoslase (FPG)] were used to examine the levels of oxidised pyrimidines and purines in human lymphocytes induced by H 2O 2. All the compounds at 10 μg/ml can reduce the level of FPG sensitive sites. However, only EA inhibited the formation of EndoIII sensitive sites. The results indicated that these compounds can enhance lymphocytes resistance towards DNA strand breaks induced by food mutagens or H 2O 2 in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume556
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Comet assay
  • Human lymphocyte
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Tannic acid

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