Effects of parental socioeconomic status on child self-reported health, height, and BMI

Suchuan Yu, Shuo Heng Chen, Wei Der Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The relationship between parental socioeconomic status (SES) and child health was determined. Methods: The relationship between parental SES and child health was empirically investigated using the 2001 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan. "Self-reported health," "height," and "body mass index (BMI)" were used as health indicators for children 0-12 years of age and linked to the parental SES, as indicated by household income and parent's education via the ordered and multinomial logit models, respectively. Results: Household income was positively associated with the child's self-reported health and the likelihood of being overweight. Maternal education had a positive effect on a child's height and was associated with a lower probability of a child being obese. Conclusions: Our empirical results provide some evidence that a child's health varies as a function of parental SES. Due to the existence of health gradients in children, the government should adopt policies to promote child health and hamper the transmission of low SES across generations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-329
Number of pages14
JournalTaiwan Journal of Public Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2016


  • BMI values
  • Child self-reported health status
  • Height
  • Parental socioeconomic status


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