Effects of Equatorial Ocean Current Bias on Simulated El Niño Pattern in CMIP6 Models

Yu Shen Lin, Li Chiao Wang, Jui Lin F. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study utilized the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) models to examine the simulations of equatorial ocean currents and explore their substantial influences on the systematic bias of westward-extended sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) pattern during El Niño. The results show that models simulate an excessive westward ocean current field over the equatorial central Pacific in the mean state. It tends to suppress the equatorial eastward ocean current anomalies with their maximum centering over the equatorial western Pacific in the El Niño developing phase. As a consequence, an overestimated zonal advective feedback toward the maritime continent exists, subsequently inducing the biased westward extension of SSTA pattern. Our results show that the mean-state performance of equatorial ocean currents plays a key role on simulations of El Niño evolution in CMIP6 models.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2023GL102890
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - 28 Apr 2023


  • CMIP6
  • El Niño
  • ocean current bias
  • zonal advection


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