The effect of chromium addition to the Ni-19Si-3Nb-0.15B based alloy on the environment embrittlement at different temperature was investigated by the atmosphere-controlled tensile test in various conditions. Our experimental result reveals that the addition of chromium results in destabilizing the β phase (Ni3Si) and forming the hard Ni5Si2 plate phase. These hard Ni5Si2 plates play a major role of ductility deterioration of those alloys in this study. The elongation tested in vacuum, air and water vapor for the Ni-18Si-3Nb-0.15B-1Cr alloy exhibits a significantly increase with temperature from 973 to 1073K. In addition, fracture surfaces tested at 1073K in vacuum, water vapor, and air atmosphere present a typical ductile fracture surface, a fully dimpled fracture pattern. This observation appears to be well correlated with those results of tensile elongation and indicates that the addition of chromium may suppress the environmental embrittlement at high temperature (i.e. 1073K).
- Environmental embrittlement
- High-temperature tensile properties
- Mechanical behavior
- Nickel silicide