Effective Coupling of Incident Light Through an Air Region into an S-Shape Plasmonic Ag Nanowire Waveguide with Relatively Long Propagation Length

Chih Chan Hu, Yao Tsung Tsai, Wayne Yang, Yuan Fong Chau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coupling of incident light through an air region into an S-shape silver (Ag) plasmonic nanowire waveguide (SSAPNW) is a highly difficult challenge of light guiding on the surface of metal nanowire. In this paper, we numerically analyze the coupling effect of an SSAPNW which is covered by a dielectric medium using a finite element method. The coupling effect can be modulated by adjusting the Ag nanowire diameter and the covering dielectric medium width and wavelength of incident light, and the propagation length of surface plasmon (SP) coupling can be maximized. Simulation results reveal that the field confinement can be significantly improved and the majority of the electric field can be carried on the surface of a bending Ag nanowire. The effect of electric field transport along an SSAPNW due to SP coupling and Fabry-Perot resonance is investigated for different dimensions and lengths. Accordingly, long propagation lengths of about 41.5 μm for 10 × SSAPNW at an incident wavelength of 810 nm and longer propagation length can be achieved if more sections of an SSAPNW are used. Simulation results offer an efficient method for optimizing SP coupling into bending metal nanowire waveguides and promote the realization of highly integrated plasmonic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-579
Number of pages7
JournalPlasmonics
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Bending metal nanowire waveguides
  • Finite element method
  • Plasmonic nanowire waveguide
  • S-shape

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