Effect of surface deformation on thermocapillary bubble migration

J. C. Chen, Y. T. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Under microgravity environments, the thermocapillary migration of a deformable gas bubble placed in a liquid with a constant temperature gradient is investigated numerically. A finite difference method with boundary- fitted coordinates is employed to solve the axisymmetric governing equations. An iterative procedure is introduced for the computation of the deformable shape and the thermal velocity of the gas bubble. The influence of the Marangoni and capillary numbers is considered. Results of the computations show that the terminal velocity of the gas bubble is reduced significantly by the effect of surface deformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-998
Number of pages6
JournalAIAA Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1992


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