Effect of fly ash on catalytic removal of gaseous dioxins over V 2O5-WO3 catalyst of a sinter plant

Hao Chang Shu, Hsien Chi Kai, Wei Young Chi, Zhen Hong Bao, Been Chang Moo

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

A PCDD/F (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran)-containing gas stream generating system was developed to investigate the efficiencyandeffectiveness of V2O5-WO3 catalyst for PCDD/F destruction. Catalytic decomposition of PCDD/Fs (simulated gas streams) was evaluated with lab-scale pelletized and plate-type catalyst based on V2O5-WO3/TiO2 at controlled temperature, space velocity, and inlet PCDD/F concentration. Due to the lower porosity of the pelletized catalyst, PCDD/F destruction efficiencies reach 72.9-83.2% for different levels of inlet PCDD/F concentrations (1.08-3.04 ng-TEQ/Nm3) of the gas stream (space velocity: 5000 h-1). As the surface area is increased from 287 m2/m3 (plate-type A) to 550 m2/m3 (plate-type B), the PCDD/F destruction achieved with plate-type catalyst increases from 76.0% to 85.3% at 320°C (space velocity: 5000 h-1). In addition, the results of pilot-scale experiment (real flue gases of a sinter plant) indicate that relatively lower PCDD/F destruction efficiencies (62.1-65.7%) were achieved with the plate-type B catalyst as the solid-phase PCDD/F and fly ash passed through the reactor (space velocity: 5000 h-1). Overall, the lab-scale and pilot-scale experiments indicate that PCDD/F destructions achieved with pelletized and plate-type catalysts strongly depend on the operating temperature of the catalyst. The results also indicate that the presence of fly ash the lowers PCDD/F destruction due to significant PCDD/F formation via de novo synthesis at 320°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7523-7530
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume43
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2009

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