Effect of electrolyte concentration difference on hydrogen production during pem electrolysis

Cheng Wei Sun, Shu San Hsiau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Proton exchange membrane (PEM) water electrolysis systems offer several advantages over traditional technologies including higher energy efficiency, higher production rates, and more compact design. In this study, all the experiments were performed with a self-designed PEM electrolyser operated at 1 atm and 25oC. Two types of electrolyte were used: (i) potassium hydroxide (KOH), and (ii) sulfuric acid (H2SO4). In the experiments, the voltage, current, and time were measured. The concentration of the electrolyte significantly affected the electrolyser performance. Overall the best case was with 15 wt% H2SO4 at the anode channel and 20 wt% at the cathode channel with. In addition, increasing the difference in concentration of the sulfuric acid had an effect on the diffusion. The diffusion flux became larger when the difference in concentration became larger, increasing electrolyser efficiency without the addition of extra energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2018


  • Difference in concentration
  • Diffusion
  • Electrolysis
  • Electrolyte
  • Proton exchange membrane electrolyser


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