Effect of Cylinder Size on the Compressive Strength of Concrete CO2 Curing

Ming Gin Lee, Yung Chih Wang, Yu Min Su, Yu Cheng Kan, Shih Hsuan Kao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the effect of cylinder size on concrete compressive strength by CO2 curing. The factors studied to evaluate the effect of cylinder size on concrete compressive strength were cylinder size, CO2 concentration, curing pressure, curing time, and age of specimen at testing. Three different cylinder sizes (5 × 10 cm, 10 × 20 cm, 15 × 30 cm), three CO2 concentration (50%, 75%, 100%), three curing time (1, 3, 6 h), three curing pressures (2, 4, 8 bars), and four testing ages (3, 7, 28, 90 days) were used in this investigation. A batch size of 0.18 m3 concrete was used to produce twenty 5 × 10 cm cylinders, twenty 10 × 20 cm cylinders, and twelve 15 × 30 cm cylinders. However, it was necessary that the specimens reach an initial set to demold before the CO2 curing process was used because the dry CO2 gas-stream would gradually take the free water away from the specimens. After the CO2 curing duration, the concrete samples were assessed through the compressive strength, the pressure drop and the temperature expected to go down and rise in the chamber. In general, high early and late compressive strength of the CO2-cured cylinders were obtained while its strength was mostly higher than the strength of normally water-cured ones. The ks5 value obtained from 5 × 10 cm, and 15 × 30 cm cylinders by CO2 curing ranges between 0.95 and 1.30, this is partly due to the fact that high early compressive strength of the CO2-cured cylinders was obtained while its early strength was about equal to the 28-day strength of normally water-cured ones. Therefore, special care is still needed to compare the properties of concrete from the two different cylinder sizes by CO2 curing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransportation and Geotechniques
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials, Sustainability and Climate - Proceedings of the 5th GeoChina International Conference 2018 – Civil Infrastructures Confronting Severe Weathers and Climate Changes: From Failure to Sustainability, 2018 in HangZhou, China
EditorsManik Barman, Musharraf Zaman, Jia-Ruey Chang
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Pages33-42
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783319957678
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Event5th GeoChina International Conference on Civil Infrastructures Confronting Severe Weathers and Climate Changes: From Failure to Sustainability, 2018 - HangZhou, China
Duration: 23 Jul 201825 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameSustainable Civil Infrastructures
ISSN (Print)2366-3405
ISSN (Electronic)2366-3413

Conference

Conference5th GeoChina International Conference on Civil Infrastructures Confronting Severe Weathers and Climate Changes: From Failure to Sustainability, 2018
Country/TerritoryChina
CityHangZhou
Period23/07/1825/07/18

Keywords

  • Current Duration
  • Cylinder Size
  • High Early Compressive Strength
  • Recycled Aggregates
  • Strength Conversion Factors

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