Effect of calcium based catalyst on production of synthesis gas in gasification of waste bamboo chopsticks

Kung Yuh Chiang, Ya Sing Chen, Wei Sin Tsai, Cheng Han Lu, Kuang Li Chien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of calcium based catalyst (calcium oxide) on variation of gas composition in catalytic gasification reaction stages by controlling the gasification temperature between 600 °C and 900 °C whilst varying a catalyst/biomass ratio from 0 to 0.2 w/w. The tested biomass generated from used bamboo chopsticks were used as the feedstock. To assess the gas composition variation, the ratio of H 2/CO, H 2/CO 2, CO/CO 2, and 3H 2/CH 4 are four important factors that affect the performance of catalytic gasification process. The maximum ratio of H 2/CO increased from 0.23 to 0.72 in the gasification temperature range between 600 °C and 900 °C and 0%-20% calcium based catalyst addition ratio. This is due to enhanced H 2 production as a result of the facilitated water-gas shift reaction. The ratios of CO/CO 2 and 3H 2/CH 4 increased significantly from 0.9 to 2.1 and from 2.6 to 4.1, respectively, when the gasification temperature increased from 600 °C to 900 °C and 20% catalyst addition ratio. Obviously, the high temperature and catalyst addition are favorable for production of CO and H 2 during gasification of tested biomass. In conclusion, the tested mineral calcium based catalyst (CaO) can help facilitating the reaction rate of partial oxidation and water-gas shift reaction, enhancing the quality of synthesis gas, and reduction of the gasification reaction time. This catalyst has potential application in gasification of waste bamboo chopsticks in the future. Highlights: High temperature and CaO addition are favorable for syngas production in gasification. The catalyst can help facilitating the rate of water-gas shift reaction. The catalyst can enhance the syngas quality and reduce the gasification reaction time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13737-13745
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume37
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Catalyst
  • Gasification

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