Dynamics of companion galaxies of early-type galaxies

Cheng Yu Chen, Chorng Yuan Hwang

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We estimated the dynamical masses of 115 early-type galaxies (ETGs) by analyzing the dynamics of satellite and companion galaxies of these ETGs. We selected galaxies with absolute magnitudes between −22 and −25 in the Ks-band from the Extragalactic Distance Database. We also selected 216 spiral galaxies for comparison. We employed a simple model to simulate the observed dynamical mass from satellite galaxies at various distances. Our simulations showed that the dynamical masses derived from satellite galaxies with elliptical orbits would be smaller than those with circular orbits even though they contain the same dark mass halos. Therefore, relationships between the observed Mdyn/Mb distributions and distances would depend on orbital shapes. From the relationships between our observed Mdyn/Mb distributions and distances, we suggest that the satellite galaxies of the ETGs have relatively more elliptical orbits than those of the spiral galaxies and the Mdyn/Mb of the ETGs are greater than those of the spiral galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020


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