Dual-Doppler radar analysis of a near-shore line-shaped convective system on 27 July 2011, Korea: A case study

Jung Tae Lee, Dong In Lee, Cheol Hwan You, Hiroshi Uyeda, Yu Chieng Liou, In Seong Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the summer rainy season, the Korean Peninsula is frequently influenced by severe weather phenomena such as floods and rain-induced landslides. A band-shaped precipitation system associated with unstable atmospheric conditions occurred over northwest Korea on 27 July 2011. This precipitation system produced heavy rainfall over the Seoul metropolitan area, which received over 80mm h-1of rainfall and suffered 70 weather-related fatalities. To investigate the precipitation system, we used diverse meteorological data of environmental condition and estimated three-dimensional wind field from dual-Doppler radar measurements of vertical air motion. Environmental conditions included high equivalent potential temperature (θe) of over 355K at low levels, and low θeof under 330K at middle levels, causing vertical instability. Furthermore, a pressure trough was located to the northwest of Korea, favouring the development of the band-shaped precipitation system. The tip of the band-shaped precipitation system was made up of line-shaped convective systems (LSCSs) that caused flooding and landslides, and the LSCSs were continuously enhanced by merging between new cells and the pre-existing cell. The position of merging moved from the coast to offshore areas and influenced the positioning of the regions of enhanced convection. In turn, this affected the roughness of the convective cell and the internal structure of the enhanced convective regions. Onshore, the convective area was higher than in offshore areas because of strong convergence (≤-4×10-4s-1) at low levels caused by friction over land. The strong convergence generated strong updraft (≥4m s-1) that influenced the height of the convective area. The convective region offshore was wider than that onshore because of weak convergence (≥-2.2×10-4s-1) at low levels. Updraft in offshore areas was weak (≤3m s-1) compared with onshore, resulting in a lower and wider convective area. Spatial variations in surface roughness result in different structural features and profiles of divergence within LSCSs, even if they originate in the same convective region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23453
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalTellus, Series A
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Back-building
  • Line-shaped convective system
  • Low-level convergence
  • Nearshore

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