Driving performance assessment: Effects of traffic accident location and alarm content

Shun Hui Chang, Chih Yung Lin, Chin Ping Fung, Jiun Ren Hwang, Ji Liang Doong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

According to accident statistics for Taiwan, the two most common traffic accident locations in urban areas are roadway segments and intersections. On roadway segments, most collisions are due to drivers not noticing the status of leading vehicle. At intersections, most collisions are due to the other driver failing to obey traffic signs. Using a driving simulator equipped with a collision warning system, this study investigated driving performance at different accident locations and between different alarm contents, and identified the relationship between crash occurrences and driving performance. Thirty participants, aged 20-29 years, were recruited in this study. Driving performance measures were perception-reaction time, movement-reaction time, speed and a crash. Experimental results indicated that due to different demands for processing information under different traffic conditions, driving performance differed at the two traffic accident locations. On a roadway segment, perception-reaction time for a beep was shorter than the time for a speech message. Nevertheless, at an intersection, a speech message was a great help to drivers and, thus, perception-reaction time was effectively reduced. In addition, logistic regression analysis indicates that perception-movement time had the greatest influence on crash occurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1637-1643
Number of pages7
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Alarm content
  • Driving performance
  • Driving simulator
  • Logistic regression analysis
  • Traffic accident location

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