Double Zernike polynomial and its application in optical alignment

Ming Sen Tsao, Chao Wen Liang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Most of the practical optical systems have circular shape lens pupil and rectangular shape image field. This paper proposes a four dimensional polynomial to describe the full-field wavefront with orthogonal polynomials set in both circular pupil and rectangular field. The basic functions of both the pupil wavefront and the field wavefront are Zernike circle polynomials, multiplying each other to a four dimensional double Zernike polynomial (DZP) function. The double Zernike polynomial coefficients of the full-field wavefront represent the global optical aberration of the image system. The misalignment perturbation changes the corresponding least squares fitted DZP coefficients. The changed DZP coefficients shows both linear and nonlinear response to the misalignment status when the misalignment is large. The Tri-Mirror Anastigmatic Telescope is used as one of the implemented example showing the changed DZP due to perturbation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptical System Alignment, Tolerancing, and Verification VII
ISBN (Print)9780819496942
StatePublished - 2013
EventOptical System Alignment, Tolerancing, and Verification VII - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 25 Aug 201326 Aug 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceOptical System Alignment, Tolerancing, and Verification VII
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Optical standards and testing
  • Optical system alignment


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