Diversity of traveling wave solutions in FitzHugh-Nagumo type equations

Cheng Hsiung Hsu, Ting Hui Yang, Chi Ru Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work we consider the diversity of traveling wave solutions of the FitzHugh-Nagumo type equationsut = ux x + f (u, w), wt = ε g (u, w), where f (u, w) = u (u - a (w)) (1 - u) for some smooth function a (w) and g (u, w) = u - w. When a (w) crosses zero and one, the corresponding profile equation possesses special turning points which result in very rich dynamics. In [W. Liu, E. Van Vleck, Turning points and traveling waves in FitzHugh-Nagumo type equations, J. Differential Equations 225 (2006) 381-410], Liu and Van Vleck examined traveling waves whose slow orbits lie only on two portions of the slow manifold, and obtained the existence results by using the geometric singular perturbation theory. Based on the ideas of their work, we study the co-existence of different traveling waves whose slow orbits could involve all portions of the slow manifold. There are more complicated and richer dynamics of traveling waves than those of [W. Liu, E. Van Vleck, Turning points and traveling waves in FitzHugh-Nagumo type equations, J. Differential Equations 225 (2006) 381-410]. We give a complete classification of all different fronts of traveling waves, and provide an example to support our theoretical analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1185-1205
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Differential Equations
Volume247
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2009

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