Diurnal to seasonal variations in ocean chlorophyll and ocean currents in the north of taiwan observed by geostationary ocean color imager and coastal radar

Po Chun Hsu, Ching Yuan Lu, Tai Wen Hsu, Chung Ru Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The waters in the north of Taiwan are located at the southern end of the East China Sea (ECS), adjacent to the Taiwan Strait (TS), and the Kuroshio region. To understand the physical dynamic process of ocean currents and the temporal and spatial distribution of the ocean chlorophyll concentration in the north of Taiwan, hourly coastal ocean dynamics applications radar (CODAR) flow field data and geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI) data are analyzed here. According to data from December 2014 to May 2020, the water in the TS flows along the northern coast of Taiwan into the Kuroshio region with a velocity of 0.13 m/s in spring and summer through the ECS. In winter, the Kuroshio invades the ECS shelf, where the water flows into the TS through the ECS with a velocity of 0.08 m/s. The seasonal variation of ocean chlorophyll concentration along the northwestern coast of Taiwan is obvious, where the average chlorophyll concentration from November to January exceeds 2.0 mg/m3, and the lowest concentration in spring is 1.4 mg/m3. It is apparent that the tidal currents in the north of Taiwan flow eastward and westward during ebb and flood periods, respectively. Affected by the background currents, the flow velocity exhibits significant seasonal changes, namely, 0.43 m/s in summer and 0.27 m/s in winter during the ebb period and is 0.26 m/s in summer and 0.45 m/s in winter during the flood period. The chlorophyll concentration near the shore is also significantly affected by the tidal currents. Based on CODAR data, virtual drifter experiments, and GOCI data, this research provides novel and important knowledge of ocean current movement process in the north of Taiwan and indicates diurnal to seasonal variations in the ocean chlorophyll concentration, facilitating future research on the interaction between the TS, ECS, and Kuroshio.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2853
Pages (from-to)1-25
Number of pages25
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume12
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Coastal radar
  • Drifter
  • GOCI
  • Ocean chlorophyll concentration
  • Tidal currents

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