Diperfluorophenyl Fused Thiophene Semiconductors for n-Type Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs)

Jangdae Youn, Sureshraju Vegiraju, Jonathan D. Emery, Benjamin J. Leever, Sumit Kewalramani, Silvia J. Lou, Shiming Zhang, Kumaresan Prabakaran, Yamuna Ezhumalai, Choongik Kim, Peng Yi Huang, Charlotte Stern, Wen Chung Chang, Michael J. Bedzyk, Lin X. Chen, Ming Chou Chen, Antonio Facchetti, Tobin J. Marks

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Three new fused thiophene semiconductors, end-capped with diperfluorophenylthien-2-yl (DFPT) groups (DFPT-thieno[2′,3′:4,5]thieno[3,2-b]thieno[2,3-d]thiophene (TTA), DFPT-dithieno[2,3-b:3′,2′-d]thiophenes (DTT), and DFPT-thieno[3,2-b]thiophene (TT)), are synthesized and characterized in organic thin film transistors. Good environmental stability of the newly developed materials is demonstrated via thermal analysis as well as degradation tests under white light. The molecular structures of all three perfluorophenylthien-2-yl end-functionalized derivatives are determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. DFPT-TTA and DFPT-TT exhibit good n-type TFT performance, with mobilities up to 0.43 and 0.33 cm2 V−1 s−1, respectively. These are among the best performing n-type materials of all fused thiophenes reported to date. The best thin film transistor device performance is achieved via an n-octadecyltrichlorosilane dielectric surface treatment on the thermally grown Si/SiO2 substrates prior to vapor-phase semiconductor deposition. Within the DFPT series, carrier mobility magnitudes depend strongly on the semiconductor growth conditions and the gate dielectric surface treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1500098
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2015


  • dithienothiophenes (DTTs)
  • fused thiophenes
  • organic semiconductors
  • organic thin film transistors (OTFTs)
  • perfluorophenyl
  • tetrathienoacens (TTAs)
  • thienothiophenes (TTs)


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