Diaspora, identity and cultural citizenship: The Hakkas in 'Multicultural Taiwan'

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27 Scopus citations


The ethnic Hakka community is one of several recognized diaspora in Taiwan that are currently posing a challenge to the island's traditional foundations of identity. This article attempts to explore how the Hakka diaspora in Taiwan is integrating into the new 'Multicultural Taiwan' identity and how 'Multicultural Taiwan' influences the Hakkas along the three dimensions of identity, culture and citizenship. On the other hand, the diasporic character of Hakkas challenges the discourse on 'Multicultural Taiwan' through its multiple identities and hybrid culture. This study argues that the interaction between Hakkas and 'Multicultural Taiwan' is dialogic and dynamic. 'Multicultural Taiwan' redefines the identity, culture and citizenship of the Hakkas. However, the diasporic Hakkas also push the discourse of 'Multicultural Taiwan' towards greater diversity and complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-895
Number of pages21
JournalEthnic and Racial Studies
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2007


  • Citizenship
  • Cultural policy
  • Diaspora
  • Hybridity
  • Identity
  • Multiculturalism


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