Development of ferromagnetic superspins in bare cu nanoparticles by electronic charge redistribution

Erdembayalag Batsaikhan, Yen Cheng Chen, Chi Hung Lee, Hsiao Chi Li, Wen Hsien Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We report on the results of investigating the ferromagnetic properties of bare Cu nanoparticles. Three sets of bare Cu nanoparticle assemblies with mean particle diameters of 6.6, 8.1, and 11.1 nm were fabricated, employing the gas condensation method. Curie-Weiss paramagnetic responses to a weak driving magnetic field were detected, showing the appearance of particle superspins that overcomes the diamagnetic responses from the inner core. The isothermal magnetization displays a Langevin field profile together with magnetic hysteresis appearing even at 300 K, demonstrating the existence of ferromagnetic superspins in the Cu nanoparticles. Shifting of a noticeable amount of electronic charge from being distributed near the lattice sites in bulk form toward their neighboring ions in nanoparticles was found. The extended 3d and 4s band mixture are the main sources for the development of localized 3d holes for the development of ferromagnetic particle superspins in Cu nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23165-23176
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number10
StatePublished - 24 Sep 2015


  • Cu nanoparticle
  • Electronic charge density
  • Ferromagnetic superspin


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