Detection of Breathing and Heart Rates in UWB Radar Sensor Data Using FVPIEF-Based Two-Layer EEMD

Kuo Kai Shyu, Luan Jiau Chiu, Po Lei Lee, Tzu Han Tung, Shun Han Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Ultra-wideband (UWB) radar is an important remote sensing tool of life detection or a non-contact monitor of the vital signals. By processing the received UWB pulse echoes reflected from the body, different signals corresponding to heart activity and breathing, corrupted by body motion and the environment noise, are wanted to be separated clearly. However, the heartbeat signal is so tiny that it is covered by breathing harmonics and clutters. At the same time, since the frequencies of the vital signals are very close, usually around 1 Hz, it is difficult to apply an ordinary frequency filter to separate them apart. This problem induces that the vital signal detection method, usually, only detects the large breath signal, not the heartbeat signal. To solve this problem, a novel method is provided, in this paper, to extract the heartbeat and the breath information simultaneously. The method uses the feature time index with the first valley peak of the energy function of intrinsic mode functions (FVPIEF) calculated by pseudo bi-dimension ensemble empirical mode decomposition method and extracts the vital signals by the ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD). Both simulation and experiment results evidently show that the proposed FVPIEF based two-layer EEMD method is effective for separating the small heartbeat signal from the large breath signal and significantly improves the evaluation of heart and breathing rates in both hold-breathing and breathing conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8515230
Pages (from-to)774-784
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2019


  • Breathing rate
  • ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD)
  • heart rate
  • intrinsic mode function (IMF)
  • remote sensing
  • ultra-wideband (UWB) radar


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