Desorption of cesium from granite under various aqueous conditions

Tsing Hai Wang, Ming Hsu Li, Yuan Yaw Wei, Shi Ping Teng

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21 Scopus citations


In this work the desorption of cesium ions from crushed granite in synthetic groundwater (GW) and seawater (SW) was investigated. Results were compared with those obtained in deionized water (DW) and in two kinds of extraction solutions, namely: MgCl2 and NaOAc (sodium acetate). In general, the desorption rate of Cs from crushed granite increased proportionally with initial Cs loadings. Also, amounts of desorbed Cs ions followed the tendency in the order SW>GW>NaOAc≈MgCl2>DW solutions. This indicated that the utilization of extraction reagents for ion exchange will underestimate the Cs desorption behavior. Fitting these experimental data by Langmuir model showed that these extraction reagents have reduced Cs uptake by more than 90%, while only less than 1% of adsorbed Cs ions are still observed in GW and SW solutions in comparison to those in DW. Further SEM/EDS mapping studies clearly demonstrate that these remaining adsorbed Cs ions are at the fracture areas of biotite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2140-2146
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2010


  • Cesium
  • Desorption
  • Granite
  • Radionuclide
  • Safety assessment
  • Surface distribution


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