Design and analysis of CMOS low-phase-noise low-jitter subharmonically injection-locked VCO with FLL self-alignment technique

Hong Yeh Chang, Chun Ching Chan, Ian Yi En Shen, Yen Liang Yeh, Shu Yan Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Design and analysis of low-phase-noise low-jitter subharmonically injection-locked voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) with frequency-locked loop (FLL) self-alignment technique is presented in this paper using 90-nm CMOS process. The issue of the narrow locking range for the subharmonically injection-locked VCO (SILVCO) can be resolved over the variations, especially for high subharmonic number and millimeter-wave band, since the control voltage is adaptively adjusted using the proposed innovative method to refer to the subharmonic input frequency. A theoretical model of the SILVCO with FLL self-alignment technique is addressed for the design consideration and phase noise evaluation. With a subharmonic number of 16, the operation frequency of the proposed K-band circuit is from 24 to 26.1 GHz. The measured minimum phase noise at 1-MHz offset and jitter integrated from 1 kHz to 40 MHz are -114.3 dBc/Hz and 56.6 fs, respectively. As the temperature is from 20 °C to 70 °C, the measured deviations of output power, phase noise, and jitter are within 2 dB, 3 dB, and 67 fs, respectively. This paper demonstrates excellent performance and good robustness, and it can be compared with the previously reported state-of-the-art clock generators in silicon-based technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7748445
Pages (from-to)4632-4645
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Volume64
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2016

Keywords

  • CMOS
  • frequency-locked loop (FLL)
  • low-phase-noise oscillators
  • microwave and millimeter-wave (mm-wave) circuits
  • voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO)

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