The deposition of a GeSn film on Si substrate with GeCl4 and SnCl4 in H2 as precursors was demonstrated by using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). A partially strain-relaxed, impurity-free, monocrystalline GeSn film with a surface roughness of 6 nm and a threading-dislocation density of 1 × 107 cm−2 could be directly grown at a rate of ca. 15 nm/min at a substrate temperature of 180 °C without the need of a buffer layer or post-annealing. A Sn atomic percentage exceeding 9% was achieved, providing a light absorption beyond 2.4μm for the deposited 260-nm-thick film. The same deposition process for Ge and Sn enabled easier control of film deposition conditions and better clarification of the underlying mechanisms. The low deposition temperature renders this method compatible with complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) technology, suitable for developing short-wave infrared Si photonics.
- Germanium tetrachloride
- Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition
- Short-wave infrared Si photonics
- Tin tetrachloride