Deformation characteristics of fine grained magnesium alloy AZ31B thin sheet during rapid gas blow forming

P. H. Sun, H. Y. Wu, W. C. Hsu, H. H. Tsai, C. C. Huang, S. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Decreasing the forming time in gas blow forming using fine grained Mg alloy AZ31B thin sheet with a thickness of 0•6 mm was studied in this work. Tensile tests and gas blow forming using stepwise pressurisation profiles were performed to explore the deformation behaviour of a fine grained AZ31B Mg alloy sheet. The alloy sheets were successfully deformed into hemispherical domes using two proposed stepwise pressurisation profiles during gas blow forming. As a result, significant reduction in forming time was achieved. Maximum effective deformation rates of 1•02 × 10-2 and 1•98 × 10-2 s-1 were obtained at 300 and 370°C respectively. It was feasible to form a hemispherical dome with a height of 20 mm in less than 80 s at 370°C. The results confirmed that the thickness distribution along the centreline of the formed dome was sensitive to the pressurisation profiles. A higher thinning effect was observed at 370°C due to the higher deformation rate imposed during forming. Grain growth was not a serious problem for forming even at 370°C, and static grain growth should be the major factor resulting in grain growth during forming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1101
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Technology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2010


  • AZ31B mg alloy
  • gas blow forming
  • pressurisation profile
  • strain rate sensitivity


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