Dayside magnetopause models

A. V. Suvorova, A. V. Dmitriev, S. N. Kuznetsov

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18 Scopus citations


A review of empirical data-based models of the magnetopause and a comparative analysis are given with special attention to the dynamics of the dayside boundary. Recently different research groups have presented new magnetopause models as an alternative to the model of Roelof and Sibeck (1993, J. Geophys. Res. 94, 15, 125). All models have a greater parametric extent than the model of Roelof and Sibeck and allow prediction of the magnetopause location during extreme solar wind and IMF conditions. The models of Shue et al. (1997, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 9497-9511) and Kuznetsov et al. (1998), developed using classic multi-factor regression analysis are two-dimensional and bivariate. The model of Dmitriev et al. (1999) created using artificial neural networks (ANNs) is three-dimensional and contains multiple parameters. A statistical study of Kuznetsov et al. confirmed by the ANN modeling of Dmitriev et al. has shown that the shape of dayside magnetopause has dawn-dusk asymmetry. The uncertainty in the determination of the dayside magnetopause position is practically the same for these models in spite of some discrepancies of the model results caused by different data sets, different assumptions and functional forms, different treatment methods of the models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-692
Number of pages6
JournalRadiation Measurements
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1999


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