Customer response to web site atmospherics: Task-relevant cues, situational involvement and PAD

Jung Kuei Hsieh, Yi Ching Hsieh, Hung Chang Chiu, Ya Ru Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Using the pleasure, arousal, and dominance (PAD) model, this study seeks to extend existing knowledge about consumers' activities in online retail environments by focusing on the largely ignored role of perceived dominance. In online environments, perceived dominance might influence purchasing intentions both directly and indirectly through pleasure. Furthermore, consumers' perceptions of Web site atmospherics (informativeness, navigational cues, perceived organization, and entertainment) likely affect two dimensions of emotion (perceived dominance and arousal). This study also investigates the moderating effects of situational involvement on the relationships among the PAD dimensions for online consumers. The results affirm that perceived dominance has direct effects on purchasing intentions, as well as indirect impacts through pleasure. The impact of perceived dominance on pleasure also is moderated by situational involvement. Whereas high task-relevant cues exert significant effects on perceived dominance, low task-relevant cues influence arousal. Therefore, this research shows that perceived dominance relates to online customers' purchasing intentions, which represents an extension of existing knowledge about the PAD model applied online; it also provides notable managerial implications for e-marketers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-236
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Interactive Marketing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2014


  • Online store
  • PAD model
  • Situational involvement
  • Web site atmospherics


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