CT angiography findings in carotid blowout syndrome and its role as a predictor of 1-year survival

C. W. Lee, C. Y. Yang, Y. F. Chen, A. Huang, Y. H. Wang, Hon Man Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid blowout is a serious late complication of prior treatment of advanced head and neck cancer. We evaluate the efficacy of CTA in the diagnosis of impending carotid blowout syndrome in patients with head and neck cancer, and its capability to predict clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical data of 29 patients with impending carotid blowout who underwent CTA were collected and analyzed. Imaging signs included tissue necrosis, exposed artery, viable perivascular tumor, pseudoaneurysm, and contrast extravasation. DSA was obtained in 20 patients. One-year outcomes were compared based on management. RESULTS: The most common CTA finding was necrosis (94%), followed by exposed artery (73%), viable tumor (67%), pseudoaneurysm (58%), and contrast extravasation (30%). Exposed artery, pseudoaneurysm, and contrast extravasation were the 3 CTA findings related to outcomes. All of the pseudoaneurysm and contrast extravasation cases were associated with an exposed artery. An exposed artery was the most important prognostic predictor and could not be diagnosed on DSA. Patients without the 3 findings on CTA (group 1) had the best survival rate at 1-year follow-up, followed by patients with the 3 findings treated immediately by permanent artery occlusion (group 2). Patients with the 3 findings who had no immediate treatment (group 3) had the worst outcomes (P < .001 in group 1 vs group 3 and group 2 vs group 3; P = .056 group 1 vs group 2). CONCLUSIONS: CTA, with its ability to diagnose an exposed artery compared with DSA, may offer important management and prognostic information in patients with impending carotid blowout.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-567
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

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