Cs diffusion in local Taiwan laterite with different solution concentration, pH and packing density

Tsing Hai Wang, Ming Hsu Li, Shi Ping Teng

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2 Scopus citations


In this work we used an "in-diffusion" method to study the effects of pH, solution concentration and packing density on Cs diffusion by packing local Taiwan laterite (LTL) into modified capillary columns with 5 mm diameter. These packed columns were first pre-equilibrated with synthetic groundwater (GW) for 3 weeks. The diffusion experiments were then carried out at ambient condition for 2 weeks. Our experimental results showed that the Cs diffusion profile fits Fick's second law very well in given experimental conditions, indicating the validity of modified capillary column method. Generally speaking, Cs diffusion in LTL decreases as the pH increases and as Cs concentration decreases. The apparent diffusion coefficient (Da) increases from 5.52×10-12 (10-7 M) to 2.18×10-11 (10-3 M) m2/s, while the effective diffusion coefficient (De) shows slight variation as the Cs concentration changes. Both the derived Da and De values decrease as the pH increases, implying that the diffusion mechanisms of Cs nuclide in alkaline and acid environment are different. In addition, our results show that Cs diffusion is unaffected by the given packing density, indicating the interlaminary space is not the major determinant of Cs adsorption and diffusion in LTL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1183-1189
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2008


  • Capillary column
  • Diffusion
  • Radionuclide
  • Safety assessment
  • Transport


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