Criteria, strategies and research issues of context-aware ubiquitous learning

Gwo Jen Hwang, Chin Chung Tsai, Stephen J.H. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

518 Scopus citations


Recent progress in wireless and sensor technologies has lead to a new development of learning environments, called context-aware ubiquitous learning environment, which is able to sense the situation of learners and provide adaptive supports. Many researchers have been investigating the development of such new learning environments; nevertheless, the criteria of establishing a context-aware ubiquitous learning environment have not yet been clearly defined, not to mention the strategies of conducting effective learning activities. To resolve these problems, this paper presents the basic criteria, strategies, and research issues of context-aware ubiquitous learning, and identifies the necessary check items as well for the development of such learning environment. Illustrative examples of conducting context-aware ubiquitous learning activities and the requirements of setting up such learning environment are also presented at the end of this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-91
Number of pages11
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Context awareness
  • Science education
  • Ubiquitous computing
  • Ubiquitous learning
  • Wireless networks


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